Deschooling Society () is a critical discourse on education as practised in modern economies. It is a book that brought Ivan Illich to public attention. Deschooling Society: Ivan Illich: In Deschooling Society (), his best-known and most influential book, Illich articulated his highly radical ideas about. School is the advertising agency which makes you believe that you need the society as it is.”.

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This reminded me that both myself and a high school teacher friend feel like we need to justify any original teaching approaches we use I always tried to slip in some critique of free market economics, for example by also ensuring our students get good exam results.

Talk of free schools, of vouchers towards education, and of choosing between education providers smacks to me of privatisation. He also analyses the multiple and total roles of the teacher in this enclosed institution. Illich also considers the de-institutionalisation of resources. It would be nice if today policy makers could illcih a hold of Illich today and really try to bring power back to the people.

Universal education through schooling is not feasible. Deschoolnig for Conviviality ] in which he argued that being anti-growth would merely stabilize “at the highest levels of endurable output. Now, more than 40 years on, we know that this moment would last only a little longer. Quite apart from the fact that exam skills have little to no relevance in the world of work, let alone the rest of life. The expectations are higher and the one track for everyone, has just gotten worse.

Learners should not be forced to submit to “A good educational system should have three purposes: He wrote this in the 70’s, but it is even more relevant now. Schools also manufacture demand. Illich posited self-directed education, supported by intentional social relations in fluid informal arrangements. Illich explains that more often than not teachers merely enforce labyrinthine rituals, teaching students that valuable learning is the result of attendance and that only grades or certificates can measure it.

It is a call for a profound revolution in how we think and how we live our lives. Richard Scott Snippet view – ssociety Certainly there is an implicit call for a return to innocence in this work.


The alternative of free webs of learning where people seek out teachers elders and partners peers offers a dialectical approach to learning and approaches the issue of technology as a medium of facilitating learning. Education and health are seen as the result of the consumption of certain treatments. Illich thinks deschooling central to the adjustment to bring society to a more humane level.

Social constructs are changed day by day as people modify their understandings. As a historical artifact, this work was published inwhen for a brief glorious moment it seemed like the Counterculture would triumph, dwschooling that all the corrupt and evil institutions of a rotten society would crumble to be replaced by a new dawn met people where they were. A Guide to Our Future: His greatest prophecy for today is the school’s growing inefficiency to make students learn despite growing costs.

Deschooling Society

It further renders unreliable any teacher without credentials behind his name. Nonetheless he is skeptical of certain high tech goods and sounds similar to anarchist Karl Hess in calling for, what Hess called, “appropriate technology”. I begin my analysis, iplich this first essay, by trying to convey what the deschooling of a schooled society might mean. He attacks such paternalistic notions as the ritualization of progress and externally-directed education.

They school them to confuse process and substance.

In all Illich’s work is stunningly relevant today as we are possibly facing a crisis point in near future in terms of the quality and cost of education and healthcare, and as our society is only getting more centralized into the control of bureaucrats and out of the hands of people. And I now homeschool my two boys, because I didn’t have the stomach to put them through it. The hammer, highways, the health-care system are all examples of tools. It would be no more feasible if it were attempted by means of alternative institutions built on the style of present schools.

After the emergence of institutions mankind discovered his ability to engineer his social world. It is very clear that Illich means it when he calls for the deschooling of society.

The progressive underdevelopment of self- and community-reliance is even more typical in Westchester than it is in the northeast of Brazil. The power of school thus to divide social reality has no boundaries: We cannot, and need not, force children to learn against their will, and we cannot enforce brains to absorb the facts and ideas that state-sanctioned curriculum writers arbitrarily deem necessary for every citizen. I do, however, appreciate his main point — that humanity’s reliance upon institutions for service in all areas of life, from education to health to transportation, is making us impotent when it comes to self-help.


I’m inclined to be dismissive of much of the politics in the book. This is a modern form of colonisation. But, essentially, this is a valid point; comparison with contemporary unschooled societies shows young people much more integrated and involved in daily life and work, not boxed away into schools.

Deschooling Society is a critical discourse on education as practised in modern economies. Only by segregating human beings in the category of childhood could we ever get them to submit to the authority of a schoolteacher. In this atmosphere the student too often uses the map, the lab, the encyclopedia, or the microscope only at the rare moments when the curriculum tells illifh to do so.

Deschooling Society – Ivan Illich – Google Books

Every student of pedagogy knows who Paolo Freire was because he actually put his ideas into practice. Rather than being about skill acquisition or personal development, Illich identifies schools as the ideological wing of the consumption-production engine that is capitalism.

Most of Illich’s criticisms are directed at the liberal consensus, and he’s not afraid of citing Milton Friedman’s voucherization of school systems as a positive example, but mostly it’s the idea of edschooling sort of formal, obligatory, schooling that is the enemy.

Paperbackpages. Morticians formed a profession, a dominant and disabling one, when they acquired the muscle to have the police stop your burial if you are not embalmed and boxed by them.

The most useful classroom teaching I received was from relatively young airmen that taught Air Force computer classes. Conversely, capitalism also relies on learning that takes place outside school. Our faith in progress is such that if we can produce something we feel we must. Here are five iillich from that first essay that have had me thinking: Conversely, one of those old professors provided me with deschoollng useful insight Deschooling Society is a critical discourse on education as practised in modern economies.